Moving Beyond the Transmission of Feedback: Strategies to Engage Students (Maureen E. Squires, Ed.D.)
Feedback shapes behavior and influences academic success. In their meta-analysis of over 250 studies, Black and Wiliam found that feedback promoted learning and achievement “across all content areas, knowledge and skill types, and levels of education.” Feedback should help students better understand the learning objective, their present level of performance in relation to the learning objective, and ways to meet or exceed the learning objective. Here, I use feedback to represent oral and written communication provided by a teacher to a student based on an assessment of student written work. The purpose of this paper is to explore my experience with feedback and present several strategies that go beyond a mere transmission of feedback.