We argue that the inclusion of naval science as a standalone class in the Library of Congress's 1904 classification scheme resulted from the convergence of several historical trends, including the changing organization of knowledge, imperialist expansion, and the profit-seeking of the publishing industry. At the intersection of these trends stands a single book: Alfred Thayer Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power upon History, published in 1890. By laying out the multiple influences that served to create a single problematic class in a popular classification scheme, we hope to provide a framework to better understand the origins of such systems.
Adams, Ellen E., and Joshua F. Beatty. "'The Foundation of Naval Science': Alfred Thayer Mahan's The Influence of Sea Power on History and the Library of Congress Classification System." Paper presented at the Canadian Association of Professional Academic Librarians conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, May 30, 2016.