The effects of ganciclovir and valganciclovir antiviral treatments in children with congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection
Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is one of the leading causes of non-hereditary newborn hearing losses. Typically children with a hearing loss would receive amplification to help combat the loss; however, new research has shown that children who have cCMV can receive antiviral treatments in lieu of amplification. Ganciclovir and valganciclovir are the antiviral treatments that are currently being used. These antiviral treatments help eliminate the viral load in the blood and thus improve the child’s hearing loss.
Transgender individuals are individuals whose gender identity does not match the sex they were assigned at birth. In order to live as their gender, transgender individuals may seek voice therapy. Researchers have tried to pinpoint what variables and therapeutic techniques can increase patient satisfaction with his or her voice. This poster consolidates research findings concerning effective transgender voice therapy techniques and goals.
A comparison of language deficits in children with autism spectrum disorders and specific language impairment
Recently, many studies have been performed to determine the relationship of language deficits of children with autism spectrum disorder and children with specific language impairment (SLI). Both autism and SLI are defined by impairments in one specific area of language; however, overlap in the deficits of these disorders is becoming apparent. While lines have been previously drawn to separate these two disorders, the parameters of impairment between autism and SLI may not be as easily defined as once thought.
Developmental stuttering affects ~5% of preschool-aged children. While stuttering disappears in the majority of these children within 3 years after onset, it persists into adulthood in 1% of children. Determining anatomical and physiological differences in the brain between persisting and recovering stuttering may lead to early prediction of risk/non-risk, and thus, early intervention can be appropriately implemented.
Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is defined as a developmental disorder that affects speech motor planning and programming, and leads to disrupted accuracy and consistency of articulatory movements necessary for speech. As most cases are idiopathic, there are a wide range of treatment approaches for CAS. This presentation aims to compare the efficacy of different treatment approaches.
Oral feeding difficulty is a common complication facing infants born preterm. Preterm infants are not fully developed; therefore the coordination and function needed to perform the suck and swallow become disrupted. Studies have shown that oral stimulation and tactile stimulation are beneficial. Oral stimulation provides direct, targeted input to the oral structures involved in feeding, while tactile stimulation may facilitate motor development. This poster will review the efficacy of these approaches.
Children with low-functioning autism have difficulties with social interactions and are limited in their communication skills. Even though traditional therapy methods have been beneficial, studies have shown that computer-based therapies have provided greater improvement in communication skills. The use of computers allows for the creation of a wide range of programs targeting various areas. This presentation outlines four therapy options and their computer programs, methods, and effects on improving language abilities.
The aging brain undergoes structural changes negatively impacting its function. However, the extent of these pathologies may be experience dependent. Researchers have found evidence of bilingualism as a neuroprotective agent in the aging brain. This poster reviews structural differences and functioning of the aging bilingual brain to assess a potential link between the bilingual experience and cognitive reserve.
Adductor spasmodic dysphonia is the most common form of spasmodic dysphonia. It is characterized by spasms that cause the vocal folds to close tightly and stiffen. This presentation seeks to compare the efficacy of traditional treatment and the efficacy of new microsurgery options. Both quality of life and vocal characteristics are important measurements to take into consideration when evaluating efficacy of treatment options. In addition the role of the speech language pathologist will be analyzed for each treatment option.
Individuals with cleft lip and palate usually undergo surgery in infancy. Individuals who are not able to receive the proper reconstructive may benefit from a prosthetic device. This poster reviews the various options, their candidacy, and their effectiveness.
Treatment protocol for carcinoma of the larynx often involves total laryngectomy, the surgical removal of the larynx. Laryngectomees can achieve voice restoration using the following alaryngeal speech methods: esophageal, electrolaryngeal, pneumatic device, and tracheosophageal speech. This poster investigates the best methods to maximize intelligibility in individuals who use alaryngeal speech.
Mothers who abuse legal and/or illicit drugs while pregnant harm not only themselves, but their unborn children as well. Of the many detriments caused to the developing fetus by maternal drug abuse, hearing impairments are amongst those most common. There are a plethora of drugs that may be taken by pregnant mothers; however, alcohol and cocaine are used most frequently. Hearing impairment found in neonates who were prenatally exposed to teratogens, may consist of damage done to the auditory system either as a direct or indirect result of maternal drug abuse.
Male-to-Female transgender clients seeking voice feminization therapy are not considered having an organic voice disorder. Because the perception of their voice often does not align with their new identity it negatively affects their quality of life and is considered a handicap to the transition process. The current research provided examines clinician directed assessment considerations for the transgender population, and symptomatic targets for voice feminization therapy.
Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a rare form of epileptic aphasia occurring in children characterized by abnormal electroencephalogram and a loss of language skills. There are many methods of treatment for LKS all with varying out comes. In this poster, different treatment methods are discussed and compared.
Vocal abuse is a common problem faced by many individuals. This poster explains the treatment of vocal abuse, specifically in the adult and pediatric populations. Both groups experience vocal abuse, but there are differences and similarities in treatment methods.
Texture modification is the most common form of treatment among patients with dysphagia. It has been associated with a significant number of successful therapy outcomes for swallowing disorders. In contrast it has also been correlated with a high rate of malnutrition cases. Modifying texture to accommodate swallowing may compromise the nutritional value of food being administered. A multidisciplinary approach is crucial in preventing and managing dehydration, malnutrition, and increased risk of illness.
Social Communication Training for Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury and Quality of Life Improvements
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause a variety of communicative deficits. These deficits impact on an individual’s social interactions and quality of life. This poster outlines the social communication problems that often occur secondary to TBI, the rehabilitation strategies for social communication, and the outcome on the individual’s quality of life.
Research shows that childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is not only a disorder of motor planning for articulation, but is characterized by an impoverished phonological representation system. This presentation investigates the breakdown of the phonological representation system and its effect on the development of phonological awareness. The effectiveness of an integrated phonological awareness intervention program for children with CAS is also investigated.
Dysphagia is a swallowing disorder that can affect both children and adults. Treatments include rehabilitative and/or compensatory swallowing strategies. The type of treatment used differs for each client depending on their diagnosis and/or what phase of the swallow is affected. This poster review candidacy issues for these treatments.
The different symptoms of Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder are compared, with particular attention to the overlap of symptoms. In addition, a subset of children with Regressive Autism Spectrum Disorder who experience abnormal epileptic activity is also discussed.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are developmental disorders characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication. Although there is no specific etiology known to cause autism, it is believed that a combination of both genetic and environmental factors have an impact on the development of ASD. This study examines different environmental toxins that are believed to increase the likelihood of autism when present in-utero
Frequent communication breakdowns associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) negatively affect the patient-caregiver relationship. This indicates a need for proper communication training to achieve an improved quality of life for both parties. The purpose of this poster is to investigate recommended communication strategies and tools for effective communication between individuals with AD and their formal and informal caregivers.
Large Vestibular Aqueduct Syndrome (LVAS) is a congenital disorder in which the vestibular aqueduct is larger than normal. As a result, patients with LVAS experience a sudden and progressive sensorineural hearing loss in early infancy or childhood. There are several ways to attempt to manage this progressive hearing loss, but as of yet there are no treatments.
This poster reviews Broca's aphasia, and what cerebral areas are affected. Specifically, the difference between Brodmann’s areas 44 and 45 is explained, as well as their differing roles on language and communication. Finally, the deficits experienced by individuals with lesions to these areas are discussed
The brain activation and anatomy differences seen in people who stutter is examined. The significance of right hemisphere overactivation and left hemisphere activation patterns, as well as pertinent gray and white matter differences are compared across research studies. Recent research on the connectivity of the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cortical circuit as it relates to the neural mechanism of stuttering are also discussed.
At SUNY Plattsburgh, the seniors in the Department of Communication Disorders and Sciences generate a poster as part of their Senior Capstone course. The students choose a topic of interest, research the related issues in the professional literature during the semester, and present their final product to the faculty in a format similar to that encountered at professional conventions.
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